Spinning myths for fossil fuels: Plimer's nonsense take on renewables | RenewEconomy

Spinning myths for fossil fuels: Plimer’s nonsense take on renewables

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In his new book, climate denier Ian Plimer turns his focus to renewables, rehashing myths and falsehoods mostly originating from supporters of fossil fuels.

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No doubt Professor Ian Plimer is an expert geologist. He drew upon that knowledge in writing his well-known 1994 book attacking creationists, ‘Telling Lies for God’. Unfortunately his attempts to critique renewable energy in his new book ‘Not for Greens’ demonstrate that he is out of his depth in this field. His treatment of renewable energy is mostly nonsense from start to finish.

‘Not for Greens’ was due to be launched in Sydney on Monday. So, putting aside Plimer’s well documented climate denialism, here I will fact-check what he says in my area of expertise – renewable energy.

Plimer’s book has no pretensions of scholarship, since it lacks references, and its discussion of renewable energy is clearly not based on scholarly research by himself. He simply rehashes false myths, mostly originating in propaganda disseminated by supporters of fossil fuels and nuclear energy. These myths have been refuted again and again by experts in renewable energy. In the limited space available I address a few of Plimer’s howlers with respect to wind and solar power.

MG_0739Plimer
Ian Plimer

A serious error is Plimer’s claim that wind is ‘totally unreliable’ and that ‘no carbon dioxide-emitting coal-fired thermal power station has been replaced by a wind farm’. Actually South Australia has nominally two coal-fired power stations, several gas-fired power stations and many wind farms. As a result of the growth of the wind generation to an annual average of over 27% of the state’s electricity generation, one of the coal stations is now shut down for half the year and the other for the whole year. Although gas capacity has not been increased, the state’s electricity supply system is operating reliably. Clearly wind is partially reliable, despite its fluctuations.

Plimer then attempts to generalise his above incorrect claims to the notion that wind farms ‘cannot produce continuous electricity without coal, gas, nuclear, hydro or geothermal backup’. This notion has been refuted by hourly computer simulations of the operation of large-scale electricity supply systems with 80 to 100% renewable energy in several countries and regions (reviewed in Chapter 3 of ‘Sustainable Energy Solutions for Climate Change’). These studies use actual hourly data on electricity demand and renewable energy supply, striving to balance supply and demand each hour over periods ranging from one to 10 years.

For instance, our research at UNSW simulating the Australian National Electricity Market uses only commercially available renewable energy technologies (scaled-up wind, solar and biomass, together with existing hydro). We find that 100% renewable energy could have supplied electricity in 2010 with the same reliability as the polluting fossil-fuelled system. While we would not operate the grid on 100% wind alone, we could operate it on the above mix of renewable energy technologies with different statistical properties. Furthermore, using the Australian government’s own conservative projections to 2030 for the costs of renewable energy technologies, we find that 100% renewable electricity would be affordable.

The relevant papers by Ben Elliston, Iain MacGill and myself, published in peer-reviewed international journals, can be downloaded from my UNSW website.

In discussing the energy inputs needed to build a wind turbine, Plimer claims that ‘the correct figure for payback of just the embedded energy is probably more in the order of 15 to 20 years. Whatever the figure is…’. The weasel words ‘probably’, ‘in the order of’ and ‘whatever the figure is’ suggest that Plimer is either guessing or deliberately misrepresenting the result and trying to cover himself. Actual life-cycle assessments find that, depending upon the site and type of wind turbine, the energy payback period (in terms of energy, not money) is actually three to nine months!

Plimer greatly exaggerates the land use and associated environmental impacts of wind farms, by taking the land they span and misrepresenting it as the land they occupy. Wind farms actually occupy only 1% to 3% of the land they span. They are normally erected on agricultural land and it is rare that even a single tree is cleared. They bring supplementary rental income to the farmers who host them (typically $8,000 to $10,000 per turbine per year in Australia) and increasingly bring financial benefits to the wider local communities as well.

Other errors and misrepresentations abounding in Plimer’s account include:

  • The small subsidies to renewable energy under the Renewable Energy Target are not paid ‘even when a wind farm is shut down’, because they are paid per megawatt-hour of electricity generated, not per megawatt of generating capacity.
  • Furthermore, they are not paid by taxpayers, but by a tiny increase in retail electricity price paid by electricity consumers (except large consumers who have gained exemptions). By the way, this increase is offset by a decrease in wholesale price of electricity.
  • Although Plimer correctly writes that ‘wind turbines can only extract about 45% of the available kinetic energy’, he omits to put this into context: ordinary coal-fired power stations can only convert into electricity 30% to 40% of the energy stored in the coal.
  • The best solar cells have efficiencies of around 25% (laboratory) and 21.5% (commercial), not ‘not much higher than 10%’.
  • Solar power stations do not depend on floodlighting the mirrors to operate at night. Concentrated solar thermal power stations actually store part of the solar energy collected during daytime in tanks of molten salt in order to generate at night.

These and other myths from vested interests are busted in my new book ‘Sustainable Energy Solutions for Climate Change’. Are Plimer’s errors and misrepresentations the result of ignorance or deliberate deception? I don’t know, but it is worrying to see them uttered by a senior scientist.

Plimer’s book is not for anyone seeking a rational, accurate, up-to-date account of renewable energy. I wonder whether some will rename it ‘Telling Lies for the Fossil Fuel Industry’.

Dr Mark Diesendorf is Associate Professor and Deputy Director of the Institute of Environmental Studies at UNSW. His new book is ‘Sustainable Energy Solutions for Climate Change’. This article was first printed at Crikey. Reproduced  with permission. 

 

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6 Comments
  1. wjohnallen 6 years ago

    Mark,

    I would have liked to buy your new book ‘Sustainable Energy Solutions for Climate Change’ as an ebook on Kindle.com but at a list price of $35, it is not a sustainable purchase for me.

  2. Elizabeth Harris 6 years ago

    Hi Mark, I can only imagine how frustrating it is to deal with such willful ignorance. We could laugh at the likes of Prof Pilmer, if only we weren’t facing such severe consequences to our own and our children’s future from the resulting inaction this denial and misinformation leads to. I just read your excellent book, and you’ve addressed every argument so effectively,and I learned so much. Keep up the great work.

  3. DogzOwn 6 years ago

    Great work Mark, as ever. Is he really dumb enough to need this correction “Solar power stations do not depend on floodlighting the mirrors to operate at night”? Eric Abetz thinks Plimer is wonderful and should be treated with more respect! Enough said.

  4. John Silvester 6 years ago

    It is not a surprise that there are people out there taken in by the anti renewable energy propaganda based on long held truisms like the sun doesn’t always shine and the wind doesn’t always blow or fossil fuel generators have to be kept running anyway in case an unexpected cloud suddenly passes over everywhere.
    In the past it was difficult to argue against these truisms beyond pointing out that they are over simplistic and not likely to reflect reality. This is no longer the case. In the last 5 years many regions, like South Australia, have deployed large amounts of intermittent renewable energy which clearly demonstrate that these truisms are indeed overly simplistic and do not reflect reality.
    So while it is not surprising that someone may write such a book, who would publish such an ill informed book. Is the publisher aware that the book is full of rubbish but believe it will sell anyway so don’t care about accuracy, or is the publisher driven by ideology and this book advances their ideological agenda.
    Anyone can write a book but publishers should take responsibility for what they publish.

  5. Chris Fraser 6 years ago

    OMG, after reading these fact-checks I arrived at the understanding that Plimer’s book really is Not For Greens. Indeed, I had to assume that pulp entertainment for the contrarian faithful was running at an all-time low ! These corrections appear to give
    Mr Plimer the impression of complete sell-out.

  6. John McKeon 4 years ago

    I recently acquired a copy of “Not for Greens” at a charity bookshop (for a dollar). The introduction takes up nearly a third of the text. It is one great long rant, venting his hatred of ‘greens’ and anyone remotely connected with ‘progressive’ or ‘left’ or ‘environmental’ concerns. When I read his claim that Spanish solar thermal power stations use flood lights (as a cheating way) to generate power at night, I was astounded at how far the author (Plimer) has gone into a surreal state of mind.

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