Australia has been ranked dead last for climate action in the latest Sustainable Development Report, which assesses the progress of countries towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals.
In the latest edition of the report, produced by the UN-backed Sustainable Development Solutions Network, Australia received the lowest score awarded to any of the 193 members of the United Nations for the level of climate action, a withering repudiation of the Coalition government’s climate efforts.
The annual report is an authoritative assessment of countries progress towards meeting the Sustainable Development Goals, including the progress of countries towards goals relating to “climate action” and the adoption of “affordable and clean energy”.
Australia received the lowest score awarded, just 10 out of 100, for the ‘climate action’ goal, which tracks countries across four core metrics, including the level of emissions from fossil fuel use, embedded emissions in imports and exports and progress towards implementing an effective price on greenhouse gas emissions.
According to scores provided in an database included with the latest assessment, Australia ranked amongst the top three countries for exported greenhouse gas emissions per capita, behind only Qatar and Norway. Australia also ranked among the top ten countries for per capita fossil fuel use.
The report found that Australia had not achieved any positive progress against the four ‘climate action’ metrics and saw Australia slip below Brunei, the only country that received a worse score than Australia for climate action in the 2020 edition of the report.
The 2021 assessment suggested that a failure by the Morrison government to formally commit Australia to a zero-emissions target had contributed to the poor score.
“According to the Net Zero Tracker, more than 30 countries have included climate neutrality by 2050 (or 2060) in laws, proposed legislation, or a national policy document. These include all G20 countries except Australia, India, Indonesia, Mexico, Russia, Turkey, and Saudi Arabia. Brazil and China committed to climate neutrality by 2060,” the report says.
Australia improved slightly against progress towards an additional Sustainable Development Goal focused on “affordable and clean energy”, coming at 48th, a slight improvement on its 2020 ranking of 53rd.
While Australia scored very highly for access to electricity and fuels, Australia’s ranking was weighed down by the comparatively high emissions intensity of its electricity system and the lower share of renewable energy sources in the primary energy mix, also a result of its slow uptake of electric vehicles.
For the overall assessment of progress across all of the Sustainable Development Goals, Australia ranked 35th out of 193 members of the United Nations. While Australia ranked very poorly on climate and clean energy, it received much better scores on goals relating to public health, education and economic performance.
The assessment found that Australia still faced “major challenges” in achieving a number of the sustainable development goals, particularly when it came to environmental sustainability, including climate change, clean energy, responsible consumption and oceans health.
Nordic countries, Finland, Sweden and Denmark, took out the top three spots in the overall assessment.
According to the report, global progress towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals had gone backwards in the last year – the first globally that countries were further away from achieving the goals since they were formally adopted in 2015.
The report’s lead author, Sustainable Development Solutions Network president Jeffrey Sachs, said that responses to the Covid-19 pandemic should be focused on measures that help achieve progress towards achieving the development goals.
“The Covid-19 pandemic has created not only a global health emergency but also a sustainable development crisis. To restore SDG progress, developing countries need a significant increase in fiscal space, through global tax reform and expanded financing by the multilateral development banks,” Sachs said.
“Fiscal outlays should support the six key SDG transformations: quality education for all, universal health coverage, clean energy and industry, sustainable agriculture and land use, sustainable urban infrastructure, and universal access to digital technologies.”
Read also Ketan Joshi’s analysis: Australia needs loud, fast and furious climate policy – now more than ever