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Know your NEM week: Debate shifts to dispatchable renewables

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What’s interesting this week, All change as US debt markets move

  • To us what’s interesting is: Rising US 10 year bond rates. Incredibly, the US 10 year rate @ 2.84% is now fractionally above Australia 2.81%. This must have happened before, but I can’t ever remember it. The US deficit is set to increase US$1 trillion (‘000 bn) this year and top US$20 trillion in total. It’s not the place of this note to overly dwell on finance but it will impact renewable energy WACC (weighted cost of capital). 90 day money is up 100 basis points (bps) and 5 year money up 50 bps compared to a year ago. It’s not just the shift in the level but also the shift in the slope. An upward sloping yield curve is broadly expansionary and downward sloping recession inducing.

Figure 1 USA yield curve. Source: Factset

  • State elections may mean changes in electricity policy. Betting odds are against the ALP in both South Australia and Victoria. Electricity prices as represented by base load futures are higher in South Australia and Victoria than they are in NSW and QLD and this may be used as an election issue. Prices are higher in South Australia and Victoria because the thermal supply/demand balance is tighter than in previous years and because the QLD Govt. is holding generation prices down and this feeds through to NSW. We are already seeing the Liberal Party in Tasmania stating it will withdraw from the NEM if it wins that election. This is surely a retrograde step and a very short term one. In the past Tasmania has received considerable benefit from lower prices in Victoria and there surely must be a penalty if Tasmania wants to leave the system one year and rejoin the next.

 

  • Increasingly, we think the debate is shifting to how to incentivize dispatchable renewable power, and how much of that is going to be needed. The clear task is to replace the ageing coal fleet and to do this a start needs to be made now. Concentrating solar, batteries in front and particularly behind the meter, pumped hydro and a little bit of gas  all need to be encouraged. To get the coal generators out of the system by 2030 is not hard if we make steady progress. What’s lacking in this move, outside of policy, is an authoritative study or two to work out how much dispatchable energy is required for a given level of variable renewables [VRE]

Market action – cool weather sees consumption fall back

Consumption in the week to February 3 fell 8% across the NEM with a 13% fall in NSW and 8% in QLD. Victorian demand rose. Consumption is driven down by cooler weather for the week and trend wise by the ongoing rise in behind the meter PV and energy efficiency. Demand for gas is lower when the weather is mild and gas prices fell fractionally in NSW but were up in QLD and Sth. Aust.

Futures prices for FY19 rose a couple of  per cent almost as if traders had gone back to work and decided to make a few trades.

As you can see from fig 6 (NEM consumption year by year on an annualized basis) if there is going to be any real dram this Summer from heat and blackouts it will almost certainly be over the next 2-3 weeks.

Figure 2: Summary

We continue to see bond yields rising, and Australian yields are rising faster than in the USA and this is helping push up the A$. So despite coal and oil prices in US$ being up 9% year on year in A$ terms its just 3%.

Know your NEM: Commodity data for week ended 3 Feb 2018
  Last 1 year chg on chg  on
latest week ago Week year
Oil (Brent) US$/b 68.49 69.91 61.18 -2.0% 11.9%
Coal (thermal Newcastle) US$/t 104.75 106.95 96.75 -2.1% 8.3%
Oil (Brent) A$/t 86.25 86.61 80.56 -0.4% 7.1%
Coal (thermal Newcastle) A$/t 131.92 132.50 127.39 -0.4% 3.6%
USA 10 year bond % 2.85 2.61 2.32 8.8% 22.6%
Australia 10 year bond % 2.81 2.79 2.58 0.5% 8.8%
USD $ 0.79 0.81 0.76 -1.6% 4.6%
Source: Factset

Share prices

Investors have reacted positively to Redflows communication of progress on their new factory in Malaysia and lithium shares recovered modestly from the prior weeks setback. ORG over the past 12 months has moved from the 3rd largest utility by market capitalization to the largest at $16 bn just edging out AGL at $15.4 bn. Yield based utilities continue to struggle as yields rise.

Rising interest rates mean lower prices. Regulatory allowances which compensate investors for changes in market conditions tend to lag the real world. This worked in investors’ favour  when rates were falling but against them at the moment.

Figure 4 Selected utility share prices

 

Figure 5: Weekly and monthly share price performance

Volumes

Figure 6: electricity volumes

Base Load Futures, $MWH

 

Figure 11: Baseload futures financial year time weighted average

Gas Prices

Figure 12: STTM gas prices

 

Figure 13 30 day moving average of Adelaide, Brisbane, Sydney STTM price. Source: AEMO

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David Leitch is principal of ITK. He was formerly a Utility Analyst for leading investment banks over the past 30 years. The views expressed are his own. Please note our new section, Energy Markets, which will include analysis from Leitch on the energy markets and broader energy issues. And also note our live generation widget, and the APVI solar contribution.

 

   

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  • MrMauricio

    “Betting odds against the Labor governments of S.A and Vic”….If Australians are THIS DUMB then they are inviting themselves to be screwed more!!!!… Doing NOTHING and inventing scares gleefully broadcast by corporate media and a cowed ABC/SBS gets the LNP/ON elected.No hope for a progressive competitive country!!!

  • Peter F

    The SA situation is interesting, they appear to have survived summer without blackouts, investment is up, unemployment down. Jay can definitely say that within 12 months of his new power plan announcement, security of supply is assured and will only improve as 3 new windfarms and 4 or 5 solar farms are connected. In addition new batteries behind and in front of the meter and further introduction of synthetic inertia on windfarms will reduce the need for spinning gas plants and therefore prices should be forced lower.

    In any case, whoever wins the election, both policies are supporting more batteries the wind and solar plants that are going in are not relying on state subsidies and even if the Liberals sell the battery, it will still be there providing grid services so I doubt a lot will change. If they were to sell the emergency generators to a new commercial generator, that will bring a new more efficient capacity into the market resulting in further downward price pressure

    Similarly in Victoria Dan Andrews is not popular but he is getting things done, again survived without Hazelwood and by my calculations has about 4GW of new generation coming on line in the next 3 years to force prices down. A focus on level crossing removal and other practical issues rather than some of the divisive social issues from last year will probably defuse a lot of the angst.

    So at this stage I would not be worrying too much about renewable progress even if the elections are lost. Point Gellibrand, Bungala, Murra Murra and Stockyard Creek and 3-400 MW per year of rooftop solar will still go ahead as will all the large solar listed in your project list. There is even a possibility that the liberals will “welcome new investment” even if it is wind and solar because it sure as hell won’t be coal