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Graph of the Day: South Australia’s Anzac renewables bonanza

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Last week we highlighted the huge wind day in South Australia on Anzac Day, when wind reached record output of 1540MW at one stage, and provided more than 100 per cent of the state’s demand for several periods during the day.

Here’s a more detailed graph of what happened, courtesy from a presentation by US battery storage giant AES made at the Australian Solar and Storage conference in Melbourne this week.

The graph, using data from WattClarity, who provide our much-watched live widget on generation in the Australian electricity market, shows the details of who provided what and when during that day.

south australia generation mix anzac day

The first thing to note is that for most of the day (Anzac Day) and the day following wind was the dominant source of electricity, although it is important to note the contribution of rooftop solar (which does not include the rooftop solar component consumed at home and not seen by the grid).

On April 26, wind provided more than the state’s demand for much of the morning hours, and during the middle of the day on April 25, with the help of rooftop solar. That is illustrated on the graph  to the right, with the yellow line showing renewable’s share of demand and the blue showing prices.

Interestingly, there was only one negative price period, when the exports from the state to Victoria approached the maximum load of more than 500MW. That’s good news and explains one of the reasons why the interconnector was expanded last year.

During those upgrades, and when the interconnector was constrained or not available, power prices shot through the roof in South Australia as the remaining gas generators exercised their marketing power.

Some say that the interconnector should have been made much bigger, because when South Australia adds the Hornsdale 2 and 3 wind farm, and some of the other projects for which contracts have been signed, it may not be able to use or export all its wind energy. Hence the call for new connections to Victoria or NSW, and also as a boost to energy security.

The graph was displayed by AES because it is clear these sort of days will become more common, particularly as the near 1,000MW of new wind and solar projects currently under construction and about to start, come on line within the next 12 months.

And it also underlines the case for battery storage. AES says it is involved in several different proposals in the South Australia government tender for 100MW/100MWh of battery storage, which attracted 90 different proposals in the expression of interest stage.

   

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  • MaxG

    Nice! 🙂

  • Miles Harding

    I am looking forward to seeing SA being able to both turn off the gas generators and become a net exporter for the entire summer period.

    Perhaps, a couple of doublings of wind and solar will do it.
    (has anybody modelled this and can share it?)

  • Ian

    There is enough nameplate capacity of wind and solar in South Australia to cover its demand occasionally and a further 1000 MW being built and coming on line, no wonder they have had to evoke the hydrogen economy line!

    The answers to over production of electrical energy are: 1. Demand management 2. Robust interconnectors 3. Storage, (distributed and utility scale) 4. Curtailment.

    There has been a rush to install utility scale wind and solar mainly because of the LGC’s. We should be more judicial with these to make sure the wind/solar PV/ solar thermal mix is optimal for load matching for a particular area and that these projects are properly distributed around the whole country. Also, the time has come to make the awarding of LGC’s contingent on installing sufficient storage at the wind or solar farms to smooth out energy available for transmission.

  • Kevfromspace

    Time to build the NSW – Vic Interconnector?

  • For those who are interested in the original article (by guest author Allan O’Neil) on WattClarity, it is here:
    http://www.wattclarity.com.au/2017/05/more-about-wind-output-and-aemos-intervention-in-south-australia-25-26-april/

    (the article has a better quality image than used at the conference, hence copied above)

  • Colin Nicholson

    When you think about it, this is first in best dressed. Provided the interconnectors are built/upgraded, SA can just keep going as it will have a ready market courtesy of the recalcitrants