"Reputation" clause may scupper government loan deal for Adani | RenewEconomy

“Reputation” clause may scupper government loan deal for Adani

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Emergence of “reputation clause” in mandate of Northern Australia Infrastructure Facility may be killer blow for Adani loan proposal. Tim Flannery, John Hewson and others say it will be impossible to justify a loan given the climate and environmental impacts.

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The federal government’s ability to hand Adani Energy a $1 billion loan to help finance the rail link for the Carmichael coal project in the Galilee basin has been dealt a decisive blow by the emergence of a “reputation” clause that must guide the board of Northern Australia Infrastructure Facility (NAIF).

The Board of NAIF is expected to make a decision on whether to grant the funding in the next few days, but legal experts, financiers and environmental advocates argue that the existence of the reputation clause written in to the investment mandate by then resources minister Josh Frydenberg make it impossible for approval to be given.

adani mine

Leading environmentalists and climate change advocates such as Tim Flannery and John Hewson says the wording of the “reputation” clause should forbid the directors from supporting the loan, particularly in light of the international climate deal, the impacts on the Greater Barrier Reef, and on water quality.

They say that Section 16 of the Investment Mandate of the NAIF,  a $5 billion fund created by the Coalition government that is yet to make a single investment, is quite clear and specific:

“The Facility must not act in a way that is likely to cause damage to the Commonwealth Government’s reputation, or that of a relevant State or Territory government.”

Section 17 of the Investment Mandate also requires:

“The Facility must have regard to Australian best practice government governance principles, and Australian best practice corporate governance for Commercial Financiers, when performing its functions, including developing and annually reviewing policies with regard to:

(a) environmental issues;

(b) social issues; and

(c) governance issues”.

And Section 14 underlines the fact that the key function of the board to ensure that the NAIF operates “within the scope of the Mandate”.

Senior financiers say it is the key phrase  “in a way likely to cause damage” that effectively forbids any such loans, particularly given Australia’s signing of the Paris climate treaty; the rapidly narrowing global “carbon budget” and the Carmichael mine life of 60 years; its potential impacts on the increasingly endangered and damaged Great Barrier Reef; not to mention water quality, and other environmental considerations.

Giving approval for the loan could pave the way for other Galilee Basin mines to be developed, including those owned by Gina Rinehart and GVK.

“The Australian government is committed to the Paris climate agreement of limiting warming to 2°C or less, and scientific analysis indicates that the coal of the Galilee Basin must stay in the ground if this target is to be achieved,” says Tim Flannery, chief climate councillor for the Climate Council.

“There can be no doubt that the opening of the Galilee Basin coal reserves will see the Australian government accused of hypocrisy and duplicity. It is absolutely clear, therefore, that if NAIF approves the Adani loan it will be contravening its own charter.”

Another hurdle has also emerged on the way any concessional loan would have to be treated in the federal budget.

The budget must reflect, from day 1 of the loan, the “net present value” of a concessional finance charge – that being the NPV of the difference between what a private financial institution would lend at less the government borrowing rate.

Given the 4 per cent difference between a commercial and a government loan, that would amount to around $36 million on a $900 million loan, or $380 million over 20 years if a “discount rate” of  7 per cent per annum is applied.

John Hewson, the former Liberal Party leader and chair of the Asset Owners Disclosure Project, says he “cannot imagine” that the Turnbull government  would even contemplate supporting the Adani proposal.

“There is absolutely no justification for the federal government support for this project. In my AODP terms, Adani is already a ‘stranded asset’! Moreover,  if NAIF were to actually support  a concessional loan for this project, I believe it would be in breach of their mandate – certainly contestable in our courts.”

Controversy has raged over the Carmichael coal proposal, which is emerging as a symbol as potent as the Franklin Dam protests in the late 1970s and early 1980s.

The federal government, however, has continued to express support for the project, particularly through deputy prime minister Barnaby Joyce and his former chief of staff, the now Resources Minister Matt Canavan, even though their job estimates are grossly inflated over what Adani has told the courts.

The Queensland Labor government has offered deferral of royalty payments that could amount to around $300 million, the latest in a long list of federal and state concessions to Adani, including an unlimited water licence, relaxed rules on mining rehabilitation, intervention by Turnbull into native title laws, and weakened protections for vulnerable species.

Despite this, there are still questions about the economic viability of the project, and doubts that Adani are even serious about the project, given its struggling finances and debt burden, and questions about the potential conflicts of interest of some directors.

The “reputation” clause, however, may be the final blow to the project.

“Given the clarity of the above statements is beyond my understanding of how the Board of NAIF can conclude that the providing a subsidised loan to facilitate a project of this nature is not … in any way likely … to cause damage to the Commonwealths reputation,” said one financier.

Tim Buckley, senior analyst for IEEFA, says the reputational damage of the federal and Queensland governments from subsidising the Carmichael project would be obvious.

He says countries such as India are doing far more than their far share under the ‘common but differentiated responsibilities’ of the Paris Agreement. “Australia needs to reflect on the likely border taxes that India is already considering imposing on countries like ours that fail this test.”

Former Greens leader Christine Milne says subsidising a “carbon bomb” such as the Carmichael mine, at the same time as ratifying the Paris Agreement and agreeing to pursue a limit of 1.5°C of warming, would further erode Australia’s global reputation.

“Any decision to subsidise a loan to deliberately drive up global carbon emissions from the Galilee Basin would be in the same category as President Trump’s decision to withdraw from the Paris Agreement. Both acts are vandalism and both irreparably destroy the global reputations of their nations.”

“The international community will already be disgusted by the contempt Australia is demonstrating  by even considering a subsidised loan for Opening up the Galilee Basin. No nation can expect to be respected when it says one thing and does another. Australia is risking its reputation and can expect repercussions. ”

Note: This story has been updated and corrected to clarify that mandate written by previous resources minister Frydenberg, not current resources minister Canavan as earlier reported.

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  1. George Michaelson 3 years ago

    All Adani and the boosters have to do, is say “sovereign risk” and they have a trump card (not really, but I bet they think they do)

    as in “if you refuse me, then you will lose more economic investment than you will gain by refusing me”

    • Tim Buckley 3 years ago

      The coal boosters will claim this is sovereign risk, but they also deny science and favour multiple coal subsidies for foreign billionaires when India’s own government is doing all it can to cut imports of fossil fuels on economic grounds. Global financiers will see any NAIF rejection for what it is – a belated application of sensible corporate governance at work, despite the repeated braying of the Minister for Adani.

      • MrMauricio 3 years ago

        Boils down to a test of our integrity as a nation!!!

        • Rob 3 years ago

          Would you like a proof reader? Time on my hands, just ask ([email protected]) Pity to see the best renewable energy site on the net so full of annoying mistakes which quite often completely change the statement’s meaning.

    • Megs 3 years ago

      In this case the sovereign risk is in being seen to lend at a discount on a dodgy deal. Sovereign risk is usually when referring to a government changing the rules after the big money is spent by investors, OR .. Defaulting on its own bonds.

  2. joono 3 years ago

    Don’t forget that Turdball and Adani both hide their wealth in the Cayman Islands at the same Panama Papers building. Makes the distribution of ‘payments’ easy.

  3. Michael G Swifte 3 years ago

    I’m amazed we’re having all this discussion without naming the actual rail project most likely to receive the 1 bill concessional loan. It’s called the North Galilee Basin Rail Project, and Greenpeace and ACF are afraid to name it. Why? https://wesuspectsilence.wordpress.com/2017/05/25/michael-west-acf-and-the-dirty-deeds-report-an-incredible-silence/

    • JIm 3 years ago

      Galilee is a region of northern Israel. Perhaps these organisation chose words they think avoid confusion with a region well-known in societies with Judeao-Christian historical associations like our own.

  4. Ruby S 3 years ago

    I’m shocked and severely disappointed in our government. To even consider supporting this Adani Carmichael coal mine when past Adani projects have left behind so much waste and broken so many laws…. does Turdball really think this project will be any different? He is such a short term thinker…. if this project is approved, he will NOT be win any future elections, that’s for sure.

  5. Radbug 3 years ago

    Given the size of the investment required, the capital won’t come from individuals. It will come from organizations, who are also very aware of risks to their reputations of being lumped in with Donald Trump. Get real, The Donald is politically toxic. No-one in their right minds wants to be associated with him.

  6. Joe 3 years ago

    Governance, the environment, the business case…nothing stacks up …but Mr Adani do not worry, “Rescuers Minister” Matt Canavan is here to save the day. The paper is ready and the pen is poised…Matty C’s wet dream is reality!

  7. Robin_Harrison 3 years ago

    We can delude ourselves that this a ‘decisive blow’ all we like, but this is politics and money. Since when have logic and science been other than an option of convenience for the wealthy and influential?

  8. outsider 3 years ago

    So the viability of the Adani project has to be underpinned by deferred royalty relief. Coal royalty represents a negligible 7% cost per tonne on sale transfer – yet the project cannot withstand such a minor impost on unit-cost operating margins – this points to the financial state of this project being of such fragility that it must on commercial risk alone disqualify it from NAIF funding …

    If it can’t secure purchasing prices on commencement even support 7% royalties, how will it withstand ongoing downward pricing fluctuations that characterises the global thermal coal market these days?

    There is too great a risk of project commercial collapse going forward IMO, for this to be seriously considered by the NAIF Board as a sound investment of a staggering $1 Billion of taxpayer funds.

  9. mac 3 years ago

    Watch Brandis scrabble crab-like to amend the legislation, like he did with the Native Title Act.

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