Change market rules, and battery storage will easily beat gas

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Energy minister Josh Frydenberg heckled at conference over commitment to gas generation, but a new report highlights the benefits of battery storage to wholesale prices and network security – if the market rules that currently favour fossil fuel generators are changed.

share
Print Friendly, PDF & Email

As federal energy minister Josh Frydenberg raised eyebrows for downplaying renewables and talking up gas at a conference in Canberra, a new report has highlighted how a change in energy market rules could encourage more battery and other storage devices and help reduce wholesale energy prices.

industry-electrification-563x353

Frydenberg was heckled during a speech at the ANU Energy Change Institute for saying that more gas was needed to cope with the rise of “intermittent” wind and solar and help keep Australia’s energy system “secure, reliable and affordable.”

The comments follow an opinion piece Frydenberg authored in the Murdoch media on Monday, when he described the Labor Party’s 50 per cent renewable energy target for 2030 as a “lurch to the left” that already caused the “loss of jobs, less investment and higher electricity prices.” (Even though said policy has not been introduced).

Energy experts point out that Australia’s high electricity prices and the experience in South Australia show that Australia has so far failed in providing secure and affordable electricity.

But while the Coalition and the fossil fuel lobby has tried to use the blackout in South Australia as an excuse to go slow on renewables and abolish state-based targets, others are pushing for a rethink about the electricity market rules and operations so the grid can embrace 21st technology and practices.

One of the key issues is the current system of settlement periods in the wholesale electricity market. Generation is dispatched and priced every 5 minutes, but the market is only “settled” every 30 minutes.josh frydenberg

The Australian Energy Regulator and large energy users have argued that this distorts the energy market, allowing for the market to be “gamed” by fossil fuel generators, who might push the price to the market cap for one five minute period, knowing that the benefits will flow.

There have been numerous examples of this “gaming” of the system in both South Australia and Queensland, where the markets rely heavily on gas for the marginal price of generation, and which have the fewest competitors.

Proponents for the rule change argue that if the price was settled every 5 minutes, then the distortions will be removed and fast-reponse technologies such as battery storage could be encouraged, leading to a smarter, cleaner and more secure grid.

This argument has been underpinned by a new study by the Melbourne Energy Institute’s Dylan McConnell, who argues that a 5 minute settlement period is critical to unlock the “full value” of battery and other storage, and will reduce the cost of “caps contracts” by around one third.

One of the criticisms of the 30 minute settlement periods, apart from the gaming, is that it is designed to advantage slow-response peaking gas plants, but does not favour instant-response technologies such as battery storage.

McConnell’s analysis and modelling shows that with a 5-minute settlement period, the potential revenue for battery storage installations could rise more than five-fold to around $617/hour for every kW of capacity, and twice that much on days of high volatility.

This would provide the revenue certainty to encourage battery storage installations to be built. Battery storage could also provide other network security services that could help keep the lights on if grids such as South Australia’s were battered by another super-storm with winds of up to 260km/h.

McConnell’s analysis also looks at the impact of “cap contracts”, a favoured hedging tool used in wholesale markets.

Caps copy

Basically, retailers agree to pay peaking generators a “fixed fee” – of say $10/MWh (in NSW and Victoria, or up to $45/MWh in South Australia) for every trading interval for the year – in return for being “reimbursed” for sharp price spikes (above $300/MWh).

Those cap contracts are the currency that keeps the peaking plants in business, and McConnell says battery storage will need the same. But even though the technology is comparable now to peaking gas plants, under the 30-minute pricing system it would not be able to provide a discount.

Under the 5-minute settlement rule, however, and with battery storage, McConnell’s modelling shows that cap contract pricing could fall by up to 30 per cent. That will have benefits to wholesale prices that will flow through to all consumers.

Fossil fuel generators, particularly those such as ERM and Snowy Hydro who have made recent investments in peaking power plants, have argued strongly against the 5-minute proposal, saying that it could put their units out of business.

The Australian Energy Market Commission, which must decide on the rule change, had been thought ready to ditch the idea. But strong lobbying, and a push by COAG energy ministers for the AEMC to “catch up” with the dramatic technology changes taking place around it, saw it put the matter back on the agenda.

The AEMC is due to conduct a workshop on the issue later this week, and will make a decision next year. Energy users and technology developers say it is one of a number of rulings that are essential if Australia is to push ahead with renewables and not find itself relying on expensive, dirty and slow-responding gas generation.

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

13 Comments
  1. Cooma Doug 2 years ago

    This is probably the major change that must be made.
    But also there needs to be a much longer time on capability bids. At the moment capability can be bid out in short time affecting market behaviour and volatility. Some markets around the globe have 24 hour rules on capability bids. This impacts certainty and volatility.
    This change would need a lot of modification to cater for forced outages.

  2. MG 2 years ago

    Can someone provide a link to McConnell’s study?

  3. Cooma Doug 2 years ago

    If I was constructing a block of units today I would leave a window of simple change for the complex to go off grid. I would design the power system so it could easily accommodate battery and solar, as well as electric car integration. When batteries are plentiful, a large complex could make a big contribution to a grid of the future or
    stay clear

  4. Jon 2 years ago

    It doesn’t seem plausible that a battery that finds it difficult to make an economic business case under 1/2 hour settlements now would somehow be economic with Cap prices at 2/3 of their current price. I’d be interested to see the study in more detail.You would also expect much more volatility and most probably existing hydro would squeeze out any new battery deployment. This seems like false economics to me.

    • Dylan 2 years ago

      Hey Jon – you can see the working paper here: https://figshare.com/articles/Value_of_aligning_dispatch_and_settlement/4264970

      The broader analysis / message of the work is that 5 minute settlement significantly affects the financial viability of fast response generation – largely because of forecast errors and artefacts introduced because of the 30 minute averaging. This would also improve the viability of other options (like – I agree – hydro, and diesel).

      • Jon 2 years ago

        Thanks Dylan, I’ll take a look. Do you think it would also increase volatility and hence result in higher prices?

  5. Ken Dyer 2 years ago

    Regardless of Frydenberg hubris, and the Turnbull Government, the volume of reports citing the demise of fossil fuels and the centralised command and control energy management are growing. The Australian Senate has recently released their enquiry here about the demise of coal fired power stations. Very interesting reading.
    http://www.aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Committees/Senate/Environment_and_Communications/Coal_fired_power_stations/Interim_Report

  6. Mitch 2 years ago

    $617/hour for each kw of capacity? That’s a typo right?

  7. Tobias J 2 years ago

    The great problem for conservatives and their ideology is that it will always be trumped by reality. It doesn’t matter what spin fools like Frydenberg attempt. We aren’t interested in this nonsensical anti-renewable rhetoric. It just pushes these goats further to the fringe.

  8. onesecond 2 years ago

    In Australia, the needs (better say greed) of the few heavily outweigh the need (or say prosperity) of the many. Funny enough, the majority seems absolutely fine with it, judging by the election results over and over.

  9. Mike Dill 2 years ago

    While the worldwide climate hangs in the balance, I am confident that in a few years storage will kill off the gas peakers. SA needs to buy / lease a Tesla PowerPack substation, which given the current prices would pay for itself in a year, but more likely it would take two as the wholesale electric prices would go down.

Comments are closed.